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Our little DICTIONARY or glossary contains a some technical expressions used in the diamond industry along with a bit of slang or jargon.  We've alphabetized it for you and hope that it answers many of questions and helps you to understand descriptions.  We know you'll feel much more confident if you know some of these terms before you decide to buy a diamond Engagement Ring, Wedding Ring Set or Wedding Band.



4-Prong Setting: The most common setting for a diamond in which the diamond is held in place by 4 evenly spaced prongs, which are bent over the top of the diamond.


6-Prong Setting: Setting the center diamond with 6-prongs is not only very secure, but adds the feeling of a traditional bridal look.


Accent Diamonds: Small diamonds other than the center diamond. These accents can be on the shank of the ring are in a frame around the center diamonds.


Baguettes: A baguettes diamond is a small rectangular shaped diamond, used for accents. Usually they are channel sets. Tapered baguettes are narrower at one end.


Bezel Setting: A round diamond is set in a circle gold. Often used in Vintage Style with very, very small diamonds for accents.


Carat: The measure of a diamond's weight or size. A carat is made of 100 points, so therefore a 1/2 carat will be 50 points or .50 carats.


Carat Total Weight: The measure of all of the diamonds together in a ring or wedding set.


Cathedral Style: Reminiscent of the graceful arches of a cathedral, the arches on this stye of setting create an flowing and elegant look, allowing the center diamond to be sit high and light to highlight the fire and sparkle of the diamond.


Channel Set Diamonds: The diamonds are set into a channel on the sides of the ring and held in place by placing the edges of the diamonds in a little furrow rather than by using prongs.  This allows more of the diamond to be seen and creates a smooth contemporary look.  This is also a more durable type of setting than others, because it  protects the girdles (or edges) of the diamonds.


Comfort Fit Shank: A comfort fit shank has more gold added to the inside of the ring, making the shank slightly rounded on the inside. It provides an easy and relaxed fit - a comfortable fit.


Decorated Side View: This is a frequently used feature in vintage styles, in which the side view, or the view you see of the ring when it is laying on a table, is decorated with elaborate details.


Filigree Engraving: This raised engraving is frequently used in vintage styles to create a more luxurious appearance for items with additional workmanship and elaborate detail. Although the types of engraving designs may vary the dot and triangle is one of the most popular. 


Fitted Gold Wedding Band: A plain gold band that is custom contoured to fit next to the engagement ring. 


Frame: Frame is another term for Halo, a diamond circle or frame around the center diamond.


Gallery: This is seen in the side view; it is usually a bridge like structure under the center diamond, which allow light to reach the diamond to accentuate the fire and sparkle of the diamond.


Halo: A diamond halo is one of the characteristics of the vintage style. It is a circle or frame of diamonds around the center stone. It creates a more elaborate setting and extends the center of the ring so the center stone appears to be larger.


Invisible Setting: Four or more Princess Cut diamonds are set together to form a larger square or rectangle. The diamonds are set in sort of a tongue and groove style so that there is no metal between the diamonds, giving the appearance of one large diamonds.  Since several smaller diamonds are less expensive that one large one, this allows a the jeweler to create a big look for a reasonable price.


Karat: The measure of the weight of gold.  Pure gold is 24kt, but is too soft to use in jewelry making. Most fine gold is 10kt, 14kt or 18kt gold.


Melee: Small, round diamonds that are used for accents in a ring or piece of jewelry.


Micro-Pave Diamond Accents: It is an ancient jewelry technique and often used in vintage style. A teeny hole is drilled into the gold and the diamond is put there and the a tiny amount of gold is pulled over the edge of the diamond to hold it there. The small round diamonds are set close together so that the ring appears to be literally paved with diamonds. Micro-pave work uses smaller diamonds, sometimes set under a microscope and often finished by hand. The result is great sparkle and settings that are smooth to the touch and will not snag.


Micro-pave Diamond Halo: Another technique of the vintage style is to frame the center diamond in a halo of diamonds - in this ring the diamonds are micro-pave set. The halo serves to make the center diamond more important and creates a exquisite engagement ring reminiscent of that of Princess Diana's - now belong to Prince William's Kate. The Princess Cut Center Diamonds lends this ring a slightly more contemporary look.


Micro-pave Diamond Gallery: Look at this ring in the side view - the side you see when it is laying on the table. The micro-pave diamond detail continues in the gallery under the center diamond…covering or paving almost every part of this setting with diamonds. This decorated side view is also another characteristic of the vintage style.


Milgrain Edge: This is the raised roping around the edge of the ring which helps create the vintage look.


 Pave Setting: Is an another technique that is often used to create vintage styles.  A very small hole is drilled into the gold and the diamond is put there and the a tiny amount of gold is pulled over the edge of the diamond to hold it there. The small round diamonds are set close together so that the ring appears to be literally paved with diamonds.  The result is great sparkle and settings that are smooth to the touch and will not snag.  


Princess Quad: 4 invisible-set Princess Cut in the center of ring.


Shared Prong Setting: Accent diamonds share a prong, which reduces the amount of metal and allows more of the diamond to be seen.


Tension Setting: The center diamond is being between the two arms of gold by placing the edge, or girdle, or the diamond in a slot. Not only does this protect the girdle of the diamond, but it creates a contemporary work of art.


 Trellis Setting: This is a new style for a solitaire in which the prongs flow out of the shank and crisscross like a garden trellis.


White Gold Gallery: Utilizing white gold for the gallery emphasizes the brilliance and color of the diamonds while allowing the traditional warmth of yellow gold.