What Are “Conflict Diamonds”
You’ve probably heard the term, but may not be too sure exactly what it is all about. Diamonds are termed “Conflict Diamonds” when they have been illegally traded to fund political rebellions, most usually in the poorest parts of Africa.
Conflict diamonds came to the world’s attention in the 1990s during the bloody conflict in Sierra Leone, Africa and then again with the movie Blood Diamonds starring Leonardo Di Caprio.
Countries in the Kimberly Proces
According to the World Diamond Council, at least 99% of today’s diamonds are now “conflict free,” meaning they have not been illegally obtained to fund these rebellions.
In 2000, the international diamond industry worked with governments and the United Nations to develop a way to insure that these “conflict “diamonds do not get into the diamond supply pipeline.
The result is called “The Kimberly Process.” This is a very simple process and requires, that in order to cross international borders, mined diamonds must be sealed in tamper-proof containers and certified with a government-validated Kimberley Process Certificate.
By 2007, 74 countries, including Sierra Leone, were members of the Kimberley Process.